Army Combat Lessons
The purpose of "Combat Lessons" is to give to our officers and enlisted men the benefit of the battle experiences of others. To be of maximum benefit these lessons must be disseminated without delay. They do not necessarily represent the carefully considered views of the War Department; they do, however, reflect the actual experiences of combat and, therefore, merit careful reading. For this reason also no single issue can cover many of the phases of combat; lessons will be drawn from the reports as they are received from the theaters of Operation and quickly disseminated so that others may apply them. The suggestions which are made or implied are not intended to change the tactical doctrine by which our Army has been trained but rather to elaborate thereon. Much of the subject matter has been covered in training literature, but the comments show that shortcomings continue to manifest themselves on the battlefield. The paramount combat lesson learned from every Operation is the vital importance of leadership. Our equipment, our supply, and, above all, our men, are splendid. Aggressive and determined leadership is the priceless factor which inspires a command and upon which all success in battle depends. It is responsible for success or failure. ....... George C. Marshall Chief of Staff

Combat Lessons No. 1
Combat Lessons No. 1
Articles Inside ... Section One INFANTRY ... / ... Battle Leadership ... ( Junior Officer in Battle ..... Hate Your Enemy ..... Leaders in Front ..... Keep Them Moving ..... NCO Leadership ..... Keep Your Mission in Mind ..... Team Up ..... Rally Point ..... Fear is Normal ) ..... Sicily - Italy - Attu ... ( Night Attack ..... Surprise Saves Lives ..... Hand-to-Hand Fighting ..... Small Arms Against Armor ..... Platoon Action ..... Knocking Out Pillboxes ..... Individual Initiative ..... Action on Attu ) ..... The South Pacific ... ( Security in the Jungle ..... In Bivouac ..... On the March ..... Jungle Notes ..... Aggressive Action, Flexible Plans ..... Feeding the Troops ..... Counterintelligence ) ..... Scouting and Patrolling ... ( Patrolling in the Jungle ..... Don't Forget the "Where"! ..... - or the "What"! ..... Patrol Tips ..... Size of Patrols ..... "Say It With Pictures" ) ..... Infantry Weapons ... ( In Jungle Warfare ..... Basic Weapons ..... 4.2" Chemical Mortar ..... In Sicily ..... Advance Guard ..... Pyrotechnics ..... Miscellaneous Comment ..... At Salerno ..... The Bazooka Worked ) ..... Infantry-Artillery Team ... ( Artillery "Close" Support ..... - and How it Worked ..... Massed Fires ) ..... Infantry-Tank Team ... ( Opportunity Lost ..... Lesson Learned ..... Infantry-Tank Attack ) ... Ranger Training ... ( Buddy System ..... Realism ..... Recognition ..... Formations ..... Cooking ..... Physical Conditioning ..... Discipline ) ..... Section Two - FIELD ARTILLERY ... / ... Artillery in the Jungle ... ( Antipersonnel Fire ..... Dealing with Tree Snipers ..... Adjustment of Fire ..... Morale Effect ..... Ammunition and Fuzes ..... Disposition ..... Liaison ) ..... Ideas from Italy ... ( Reinforcing Fire ..... Transportation ..... Fire Direction Center ..... Pack Boards for Observers ) ..... Section Three MISCELLANEOUS ... ( Booby Traps ..... Timeliness of Orders ..... Maps ..... AA Fire ..... Security ..... Strafing Aircraft ..... "Gas!" ..... Counterattack Foiled ..... Room for Improvement ) ..... Section Four - NOTES ON THE NIPS ... ( Japanese Pillboxes ..... Superman Myth Exploded ..... Jap Trap ..... Defensive Action ..... Vine Entanglements ) ..... Section Five - HINTS ON THE HEINIE ... ( Reverse Slope Tactics ..... Don't Gawk! ..... Traps and Mines ..... Minor Tactics ..... Typical Attack and Withdrawal ..... Rearguard- Action

Combat Lessons No. 2
Combat Lessons No. 2
Articles Inside ... Section One LEADERSHIP ... ( Leaders vs. Inertia ..... Discipline ..... Trial by Fire ) ..... Section Two - NORMAL OPERATIONS ... ( Combat in Towns ..... Battalion Attack - Italy ..... Fighting in Wooded Terrain ..... Infantry Notes ... ( The Importance of Speed ..... The Herd Instinct ..... German Registered Fires ..... Base of Fire ..... Teamwork ..... in Which the Outposts Were Not "Posted" ) ..... Field Artillery Notes ... ( Artillery vs. Tanks ..... The Observation Battalion in Action ..... Night Reconnaissance ..... Use of Artillery Observation Planes ..... Observers on Their Own ..... Orientation and Survey ) ..... Notes From Other Arms ... ( Tanks: Keep off the Sky Line! ..... AAA: Absence Makes the Heart Grow Fonder ..... 4.2" Chemical Mortars: Target Practice ) ..... Radio Communications..... Intelligence ... ( Captured Documents ..... Overdoing the "Buddy" System ..... Password and Countersign ) ..... Training Notes ... ( Speed Marching..... Reports and Messages ..... "Change Posts!" ..... Combat Training for Engineers ..... Miscellaneous Notes ) ..... Combat Zone Miscellany ... ( AA Small Arms Fire Discipline ..... Hygiene: Any Day Is Saturday ..... Dirt Breeds Infection ..... Sandbagging Vehicles ..... A Foxhole in Time Saves Lives ..... Use of the Compass ) ..... Section Three - OPERATIONS ... / Battalion Attack ..... as Seen by the Staff..... as Seen by the Soldier..... Field Artillery Notes ... ( Use of Artillery Spotting Planes ..... Get a Horse.) ..... Engineer Operations ... ( The "Engineer War" in Italy ..... Paving the Way ) ..... Tanks ..... Section Four - JUNGLE OPERATIONS ... / Infantry Notes ... ( Formations ..... Automatic Weapons ..... Night Operations ..... Security Measures ..... During Halts ..... Security at Night ..... Protection of Lines of Communication ..... Patrol Reports ..... Outposts and Patrols ) ..... Field Artillery Notes ... ( Supporting Fires ..... Liaison and Observation. ..... Control ..... Concentrations ..... Adjustment of Fire ..... Limitations ..... Effect of Fire ..... Handling Smoke Shell ) ..... Tank Operations ..... Transportation..... Air Support..... Supply and Evacuation ... ( Supply in the Jungle ..... Water Supply ..... Necessity : Mother of Invention ..... The Supply Line ..... Ammunition Supply ..... Evacuation Methods ..... Physical Fitness ..... Improvisation ..... Protection of Evacuation Routes ..... Medical Notes ) ..... Wire Communications

Combat Lessons No. 3
Combat Lessons No. 3
Articles Inside ... Section One LEADERSHIP ... ( Leadership and Command ..... Administration, Supply, and Sanitation ..... Orientation ..... Battlefield Gallantry ) ..... Section Two - NORMAL OPERATIONS ... ( Comments on River Crossing ..... Reorganization After the Attack ..... Patrolling ..... Infantry Notes ..... Notes on Training ..... Combat Miscellany ..... Field Artillery Notes ..... Notes From Other Arms ..... Communications ..... Motors and Traffic ) ..... Section Three - MOUNTAIN OPERATIONS ... ( Notes ) ..... Section Four - JUNGLE OPERATIONS ... ( Essentials of Jungle Warfare ..... Patrolling ) ..... Section Five - AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS ... ( Island Landings ..... Reducing Bunkers ..... Antiaircraft ..... Naval Craft ..... Engineers ..... Equipment ..... Notes from the South Pacific )

Combat Lessons No. 4
Combat Lessons No. 4
Articles Inside ... Section One LEADERSHIP ... ( Leadership in Small Unit ) ..... Section Two - NORMAL OPERAT1ONS ... ( Fighting in Normandy ..... Tank-Infantry Combine ..... Air Support in France ..... Fighting in Italy ..... Field Artillery ..... Communications ..... Engineers ..... Chemical Warfare ..... Medical Training ) ..... Section Three - JUNGLE OPERATIONS ... ( Basic Doctrines, New Settings ..... Scouting, Patrolling, Sniping ..... Defensive Techniques ..... Infantry Weapons ..... Artillery Observations ..... Attack of Bunker Positions ..... Tanks in The South Seas ..... Combating Malaria ) ..... Section Four - AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS ... ( Normandy Beaches ..... Los Negros Island ..... Kwajalein Island ..... Amphibious Miscellany )

Combat Lessons No. 5
Combat Lessons No. 5
Articles Inside ... Section I LEADERSHIP ..... Section II - NORMAL OPERATIONS ... ( Notes on Attacking ..... The Tank-Infantry Team ..... Air Support of Armored Columns ..... Engineers ..... Reconnaissance ..... Notes on Patrolling ..... Antiaircraft Artillery ..... Field Artillery ..... Exploits of Cub Planes ..... Medical Matters ..... Communications ..... Infantry Weapons ..... Liaison Officers ..... Motor Movements ) ..... Section III - AIRBORNE OPERATIONS..... Section IV - AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS ... ( Normandy ..... An Amphibious Tank Battalion in Action ..... Amphibious Miscellany ..... New Methods of Reviving Drowned Personnel ..... A Shore-to-Shore Operation ) ..... Section V - JUNGLE OPERATIONS ... ( Perimeter Defense ..... Scouting and Patrolling ..... Jungle Pointers ..... Burma Notes )

Combat Lessons No. 6
Combat Lessons No. 6
Articles Inside ... Leadership ..... Street Fighting ..... Patrolling ( Patrol Tips from ETO ..... Jungle Patrolling ..... Patrol Communications ) ..... Popular Mechanics Battle-Front Style ..... "Beyond the Call of Duty ..."..... Communications Comments ..... Your Secondary Mission ..... Armored Notes ( Advice to Tank Crews ..... Tank-Infantry Teamwork ..... Tank-Destroyer Tips ..... Reconnaissance Comments ) ..... It's Your Life ..... Amphibious Pointers ..... OP's and FO's ..... The Gun Shop ..... Get Wise to Their Wiles

Combat Lessons No. 7
Combat Lessons No. 7
Articles Inside ... Leadership ..... Replacement Orientation ..... River Crossing Suggestions ( Crossing by Assault Boat ..... Footbridge-Construction Shortcuts ..... Communications at the Crossing ..... Speeding the Crossing ) ..... A Song About a Soldier - "Rodger Young" ..... The Story of Rodger Young ..... Patrol Pointers ..... How Not to Patrol ..... Photo-Orientation Methods ..... Engineering Ingenuities ..... OP and CP Security

Combat Lessons No. 8
Combat Lessons No. 8
Articles Inside ... Leadership ..... On Killing Japs ..... Citation of 7th Reconnaissance Troop ..... Mortar Suggestions ( On Adjustment ..... On Control ..... On Employment ) ..... Aiming-Stake Shortcuts ..... Patrolling ..... Field Expedients ..... Jap Tricks

Combat Lessons No. 9
Combat Lessons No. 9
Articles Inside ... Leadership ( Responsible Noncoms - the Officer's Mainstay ..... Platoon Leadership vs. NCO Efficiency ) ..... Tank-Infantry Teamwork ( Building Team Unity ..... Tank-Infantry Team Plays ..... Technique of Transporting Infantry on Tanks ..... Organization of the Captured Ground ..... Tank Communications ) ..... Salute to the Medics ..... Notes from Okinawa ..... Suggestions from the Medics ..... Commo Comments ( Keeping the Phones in ..... Staying on the Air ) ..... Odds and Ends




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